Understanding Federal & State Family Leave Laws

If you have to dial back your work hours to provide care or support for an aging loved one, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) and the family leave laws in your state may help make that possible. 

What is FMLA?

FMLA is a federal law that may protect your job and health insurance for up to 12 weeks per year while you take time off to care for a family member with a serious health condition. All public employers and private employers who employ 50+ workers are required to offer FMLA to their employees who have been employed there for at least a year and worked at least 1,250 hours during the 12 months prior to the start of leave. The most important thing to know about FMLA is that your time off may be unpaid. Some employers choose to pay employees for some or all of this time, or allow employees to use any accrued paid vacation/sick time.

FMLA also allows states to expand on this law. Many states have done that, covering more residents, and broadening the definition of “family member.” Some states even offer Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML).

We’ve gathered information about all family leave laws in each state. Click on your state below to learn what family leave benefits are available to you.

Paid leave enacted
Paid leave coming soon
Unpaid federal FMLA  or paid leave enacted
Detailed information about the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) is available on the US Department of Labor website.
All family leave information provided by RubyWell has been reviewed by Molly Weston Williamson, a nationally recognized paid leave expert.

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